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Illinois Coal & Coal Mining
History & Genealogy

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1897
Strikes and Related Events
as related in newspaper articles
 
On Strike sign

July
Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 51, Number 28
Friday, July 9, 1897, Page 5
A GENERAL STRIKE.
Coal Miners of United Mine Workers of America Ordered Out July 4.
      Columbus, O., July 3. -- A general strike of the miners of the United Mine Workers of America has been ordered for July 4, by the national executive board, whose headquarters are in this city, also by district presidents, as a result of the meeting held here June 24, 25 and 28.
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Pana Miners Will Not Strike.
      Pana, Ill., July 2. -- Secretary Ryan, of the United Mine Workers of Illinois, notified the Pana miners that a general strike of the Illinois miners had been demanded by the officers of that organization. Interviews with the employes of the four mines here justifies the statement that there will be no strike in Pana. The Pana miners have not been working on full time for several months. While they are favorable to labor organizations of all kinds, they consider that what little advance in work they would secure would in no way enure to the cause or the demands of the United Mine Workers.
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2,000 Out at Spring Valley.
      Spring Valley, Ill., July 3. -- The 2,000 miners of Spring Valley came out on a strike today. It will not be known until Monday morning whether company men will come out or not. The coal company men will not commit themselves as to the outcome of the strike.
      The miners of this district are not in good circumstances, and many of them will suffer if suspension is protracted. However, they are determined and hopeful of a national strike.
      Telephone messages from Seatonville, Ladd, Marquette and other mining camps in this vicinity report the miners at those places will join the national movement. Monday morning there will be 3,000 idle men within six miles of Spring Valley, exclusive of LaSalle and Peru, determined to remain out until the price of mining is raised. The miners have the sympathy of the business men.
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Springfield District Men Go Out.
      Springfield, July 4. --[Special.]-- The initial steps looking to the extension of the general suspension of coal mining in this district were taken today at the village of Riverton. Here the representatives of the mines at Riverton and Spaulding and Barclay got together and held a meeting, and by a unanimous vote, decided in favor of joining the general suspension. There was little speech making, and the meeting, which was attended by almost all of the miners at the mines named, was quiet one. The miners at Dawson have also decided to quit work, and it is now expected that the movement will spread, although as late as yesterday there was no indication, of the strike extending to the Springfield district.
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Ominous Outlook at Danville.
      Danville, Ill., July 4. --[Special.]-- It is stated on reliable authority that the action of the miners at Saturday's meeting here means only a postponement of a general strike, which will take place on or about September 1. It is expected that the miners at that time will receive substantial support from other labor organizations, especially the railroad men, who are also expected to go out at the same time, it is a well recognized fact in Danville that the miners do not receive on the present scale rates half wages, and that it will be a great benefit to this community if they can obtain the Columbus scale, namely 55 cents. Now they only receive 30 cents.
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Assumption Operatives Satisfied.
      Assumption, Ill., July 3. -- There is no organization of the United Mine Workers in Assumption, and an interview with the employes, who number over one hundred, justifies the statement that there will be no strike here. The miners have not been working on full time for several months, but have been notified that they would be run on full time, as orders for coal have been coming in from all directions.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 45, Number 221
Friday, July 9, 1897, Page 4
Strike Situation in Illinois
      Springfield, Ills., July 9. The miner strike situation in Illinois is as follows: All the miners in the Wilmington district, 3,000 in number, are out. In the Springfield district most of the miners are working. In the Peoria district the miners are still working. The miners at Staunton and Mount Olive had given out assurances that the Belleville miners would strike, but the Belleville men met and decided to go to work. At Carlinville there is no strike. Virden and Auburn miners struck weeks ago. The miners at Assumption are out, but at Pana and Taylorville are working. At Westville. Vermilion county, the miners are out, but at work at Danville.
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The Champaign Daily News, Champaign, Illinois
Volume 2, Number 29,
Friday, July 9, 1897, Page 2
Pana Miners to Quit
      Pana, III., July 9. -- The miners to the number of more than 600 assembled at the fair ground park Thursday and held a most harmonious meeting. There was no parleying or argument of any nature whatever -- simply a motion being made to refrain from work until the strike which was inaugurated by the United Mine Workers of America on July 4 is at an end, and the demand of the Pana miners for the old scale of wages of 1894, 30 cents gross weight and company furnish powder and all supplies, is granted by the Pana operators. This motion was carried by a unanimous vote.
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Railroads Confiscate Coal
      Chicago, July 9. -- Railroad companies yesterday issued orders to confiscate all coal being carried over their respective lines. It was issued because of the coal miners' strike and impending coal famine. The order carried chaos and confusion in its execution, and local coal operators who expected to receive special shipments to meet the demand of the day were thrown on their resources to overcome the difficulty incidental to the seizure. The roads on which the coal has been stopped are the heaviest carriers in the West and include nearly all lines running out of Chicago.
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The Champaign Daily News, Champaign, Illinois
Volume 2, Number 296,
Saturday July 10, 1897, Page 2
Engineers and Fireman May Quit
      Springville, Ill., July 10. -- The strike situation in this city is about the same. All of the 4,000 men here are still idle, and the company men do net show any disposition to return to work, either. If the latter remain out long the mines will start to cave. There has been some talk here of even the engineers and firemen quitting. They get a reduction every time the wages of the miners go down, and they are interested in the outcome of the strike. It is probable that they will work on, but If any scab coal is to be hoisted they will not pull it.
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Pana Miners Quit Work
      Pana, Ill., July 10. -- According to agreement of the miners at their meeting Thursday they have left the mines, to remain out until the big industrial battle is settled. There is not a miner at work in the mines, nor will any return to work, so the men state, until victory or defeat has been declared by the officers of the United Mine Workers' head offices.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 51, Number 29
Friday, July 16, 1897, Page 1
Peoria Men Vote to Strike
      Peoria, Ill., July 16. -- The miners of the Peoria district voted unanimously to join the strike, this afternoon. The men refused to strike last week, on the ground that the southern Illinois miners were still running and their suspension had much to do with their decision. In consequence, several factories will be forced to shut down Saturday throwing out of employment 1,000 men.
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Turbulent Times in Vermilion
      Danville, July 14. --[Special.]-- These are turbulent times in the mining district of Vermilion county. The miners are not all of one mind, consequently there is considerable clashing of interests. The Kelly and Pawnee mines raised the wages of their miners, with the hopes of keeping them at work and the men are very strongly in favor of continuing.
      A conflict occurred between the two factions last night, when a number of shots were exchanged, resulting in the wounding of some of the miners. The sheriff and deputies failed to locate any of the injured ones, this morning. The strike committee of the miners deplore this outbreak in the rank and file and are using every effort to prevent such acts in the future. Watchmen at the different mines have been sworn as deputies, and will guard the property.
      A big demonstration will be held in this city on Saturday, when it is expected that 2,000 to 3,000 miners will march. The object of this' monster demonstration is the sole purpose of showing the people that they are keeping sober and are not lawless, and intend to conduct the strike upon a peaceable and clean business basis. Mission Fields, Glenburn, Catlin, Fairmont, Kelleyville, Grape Creek and Westville expect to turn out in full.
      Not a man attempted to work in the Pawnee mines today. Fearing that some weak-kneed brothers would report for work, oyer 500 strikers appeared at an early hour this morning at the Pawnee mines, but their presence was uncalled for as not a man reported for duty.
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Ask for Aid.
      Kankakee, Ill., July 14. -- Two hundred striking miners of Clarke City asked aid from the county at a meeting of the supervisors, through a committee. The committee represented that under the old scale a good miner could dig four tons a day, which at 72 cents per ton, less the cost of powder, 85 cents, would enable him to earn $2.53. The average miner, however, gets but from three to three and one-half tons of coal daily, and at the present scale of 55 cents cannot support himself and family. There is not enough work to keep the men steadily employed, even at the present prices. As the board has no right to make an appropriation for the miners, it was decided that each supervisor solicit aid in his township, and forward same to the strikers, through the county clerk.
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Decatur Mines Very Busy.
      Decatur, Ill., June 14. -- The coal miners here have refused to strike, and are reaping the profits of a big demand for coal in this vicinity. In the two mines here 350 men are now at work raising 700 tons per day. The L. D., & W., P., D. & E. and Vandalia railroads are taking all the coal they can get and distributing it at points along their line. The street car company and flour mills are stocking up also.
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The Situation Around Peoria.
      Peoria, July 14. -- The miners of the Peoria district are to meet the operators Friday to agree upon an advanced scale if possible. There seems to be little probability of their striking. The operators are willing to advance the scale so long as the price of coal can be kept up and in proportion.
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Various Illinois Mines.
      Springfield, Ill., July 14. -- The miners at Hillsboro, 150 in number, went out today, not for sympathy, but for higher wages. The men at Coffeen refused to strike, as the operators raised their wages and guaranteed to pay the scale agreed on in the future. The miners at Talinia struck today, leaving those at Athens shaft No. 3 the only ones at work in Menard county.
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Other General Illinois Miners.
      Springfield, July 15. -- The miners in the Pana district have been offered increased wages by the operators, but have declined and will not return to work. The families of many of the miners are destitute, and the strikers have organized a commissary and are soliciting provisions from the business men and farmers. There are 2,800 miners idle in the Pana district.
      In Macoupin county the Girard mine is the only one now in operation.
      The miners at the two mines at Taylorville, 150 in number, struck today.
      At Decatur the 250 miners are still at work, and will probably continue so.
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Miners Meet at Danville.
      Danville, July 15. --[Special.]-- Some of the miners held a meeting at Ellsworth Park this afternoon. None of the operators were present and no business of any importance was transacted. The C. & E. I. R. R. Co. has offered a reward of $500 for the arrest and conviction of any of the parties who placed obstructions on the track near the Pawnee mines a day or two since.
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Pekin Points
      The coal miners at the Hilliards' mines south of this city, also at Wesley City, have laid down their tools and come out. The Grants', also the Bohlander mines on the bluffs, are still running.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 45, Number 228,
Saturday, July 17, 1897, Page 1
      Moweaqua, Ill., July 17. -- A body of miners from Pana came here last night and persuaded all the men in the shaft here to cease work. Not a man went in this morning.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 45, Number 228,
Saturday, July 17, 1897, Page 3
TRAIN CAPTURED
Striking Miners Take a Ride Regardless of Fares.
WILL BRING SOME WORKERS OUT
Big Mob Goes to Moweaqua and Camps All Night to Act in the Morning
      St. Louis, July 17. -- A. special to The Republic from Pana, Ills. says: The miners here were notified Thursday night that the miners at Moweaqua, fourteen miles north, had been offered a large increase in wages, a committee was sent there yesterday to confer with them in an endeavor to get them out, but the committee met with no success whatever. As a result last night at 7:30 o'clock some 300 men here boarded an Illinois Central freight train, refusing to be put off, and went to Moweaqua, where they camped last night to meet the miners in the morning. The trainmen were powerless against the large numbers, and submitted to the men's demand for free passage. Word was received here last night that the men at Hillsboro would endeavor to go to work in the morning against the request and demands of 250 miners from Litchfield and Gillespie, and that the sheriff was swearing in deputies to protect the men who wished to work.
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The Champaign Daily News, Champaign, Illinois
Volume 2, Number 302
Saturday, July 17, 1897, Page 2
Columbus Scale Is Offered
      Danville, Ill., July 17. -- The Kelly, Pawnee, Glenburn and Brookside companies signed an agreement to offer to the miners of the district the Columbus scale. These companies mine about 1,000,000 of the 1,500,000 tons produced annually in this district. There is no truth in the sensational reports sent out from this city concerning riots and bloodshed. All is quiet and has been so.
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Meeting Ends In Disorder.
      Peoria, Ill., July 17. -- The meeting of the miners and operators at the National hotel ended in disorder and no conclusion was reached. President Hunter, state vice president of the Miners' federation, was present and made an address. It is expected that all the miners of the Peoria district will soon be out.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 45, Number 232
Thursday, July 22, 1897, Page 4
CAMPAIGN IN ILLINOIS.
Striking Miners Attempt to Capture a Train, but Fail Completely.
      Peoria, Ills., July 22. -- Fifty striking miners at Farmington seized a Burlington freight train at 11 o'clock yesterday morning, demanding that it carry them to Dunfermline, where they intended to call out the 250 miners at work, where wages have been increased. They refused to pay or get off, and held the train till 3 o'clock, when the conductor cut off the engine and ran to Canton, returning with the sheriff and the state's attorney. They argued with the men and they finally abandoned the train, after holding it five hours. The Peoria county miners are threatening to march across the country to Dunfermline to force the men out. The managers of the mines there say the men want to keep at work, and are preparing for trouble.
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St. Louis, July 22. -- The delegates of marching striking miners who visited the mines about Belleville, Ills., early yesterday returned at noon. They found the men out at Gartsides No. 3, Rose Hill, Schureman's Crown No. 2, Crown No. 4, Oak Hill and Hartman's No. 1. The first three belong to the St. Louis Consolidated Coal company. Only six mines are in operation, and it is thought that the Consolidated opposition is broken. The strike leaders do not believe that a man will be at work today. There was an encounter yesterday between "General" Bradley, who is leading the marching miners, and William Patterson, a local labor leader. They charged each other with treachery.
      About 125 of the 450 miners who are on strike at Collinsville, Ills., held a meeting at that place yesterday afternoon to determine whether they should continue the strike or accept the advance offered them by the operators and return to work. They decided by a vote of 83 to 43 to continue the strike. The situation, however, remains practically unaltered. The miners as a rule are seriously divided, as was shown by the meeting, only 126 out of a total of 450 being present. The married men wish to resume labor, but the single men favor the strike.
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The Champaign Daily News, Champaign, Illinois
Volume 2, Number 306
Thursday, July 22, 1897, Page 2
      Braidwood, Ill., July 22. -- The mines now working in Illinois, as far as can be learned, are Fulton county, Kewanee, Gilchrist and a few others in the Rock Island district. Lincoln, Decatur and a limited number of small concerns, not classed as shipping mines, south of the Baltimore & Ohio line from East St. Louis to Vincennes, except the Belleville district where the principal mines are still working. Organizers have just reached that field, and report everything favorable to a complete suspension. On President Carson's return from Columbus he will personally take charge of affairs in that field.
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Striking Miners Arrested
      Pana, Ill., July 22. -- Delegations of striking miners from Pana and Moweaqua on their way to Coffeen to induce the miners now working to come out, practically captured an Illinois Central freight train at Oconee. Wednesday. The trainmen called for help, and it was sent on a special train, and several of the strikers were arrested. The miners intend marching over the country to all the southern mining points and getting out the men. The arrest of the miners has caused great excitement in Pana and Moweaqua.
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Illinoisans Ask Arbitration
      Springfield, Ill., July 22. -- The officials and employes of the Springfield Iron Company, operating the old north shaft; the Springfield Coal Mining and Tile Company, the Springfield Cooperative Company, and the Black Diamond Coal Company, have filed a petition with Edward Ridgely, of the state board of arbitration to arbitrate between them as regards wages and the fulfillment of existing contracts.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 51, Number 30
Friday, July 23, 1897, Page 9
THE MINERS' STRIKE.
Everything at a Standstill at the McLean County Coal Company's Shaft -- The Union Men Confer.
      -- There is really nothing new in the local coal strike. Dealers answered all comers yesterday that they had no coal to sell. Regular customers are being taken care of, sparingly in some instances, but there is very little bituminous fuel in the city. Only a few company men were at work about the shaft yesterday. They were not mining coal, but looking after various details that are always necessary to be attended to, even when no actual work is in progress. No effort was made by the management to get men to go to work, and all was as serene as it well could be.
      The miners held a meeting at their hall yesterday afternoon. Only union men were admitted, and the proceedings were entirely secret. One of the men present said that the reports of previously appointed committees were listened to and ways and means discussed to aid strikers who may be in need of financial assistance. Beyond that the meeting was devoid of interest, but was entirely harmonious. There was only a fair attendance.
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SAY IT WOULD NOT WORK
      The attention of several of the miners was called to the statement that the men would return to work provided an advance of 13 cents a ton was paid for third vein mining. They said there was absolutely nothing in the story and that they never had even heard of such a proposition. "We did not strike," said one, and the others acquiesced, "because we wanted or expected an advance in wages. It was done to sustain the union. We could not return to work, as a matter of principle, if the company offered $2 a ton, unless an order to that effect was issued. If we have steady work we can do very well at the present price. The great trouble is in the short time we are able to work. You can set it down as nonsense that we ever thought of accepting a 13 cent advance."
      Manager Graham said that on its face the proposition to advance the wages of the men 13 cents a ton looked fair enough, but, to a man who understands the business it would be plain that the plan could not work. The sum named would be paid for a gross ton, and in order to be equitable an advance of 85 cents would have to he made to the consumer on merchantable coal. Forty per cent of the stuff mined is not merchantable. A large portion of this is a dead loss and goes on the dump. Then there is the slack and slate. Besides the big end of the coal mined is sold on contracts which run for months and cannot be abrogated. The competition is such that no outside sales could be made on this advance. The small consumer would very likely pay it and make no kick, but the big consumer would buy where he could buy cheapest, and unless the lower price was met there would be no sales. It amounts to nothing on five or ten tons, but on several hundred tons it is another matter. Mr. Graham said that no proposition had been made to the company by the miners to return to work at 73 cents a ton.
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A FLURRY AT PANA
      A delegation of Pana and Moweuqua miners boarded an Illinois Central freight train at Pana Wednesday morning for Coffeen were sidetracked at Oconee, nine miles south, upon orders from the trainmaster, and refused further transportation. The miners refused to leave the train, and the conductor, after waiting a reasonable length of time for the men to dismount, wired the facts to the Illinois Central officials at Clinton, claiming the men had captured the train and refused to leave. The train officials thereupon wired Sheriff Courtwright at Shelbyville for assistance in moving their trains, stating that the line was blockaded. Thereupon Sheriff Courtwright went to Pana with a body of deputies, a train on the Big Four and Illinois Central being held one hour to accommodate them. He met some of the officials of the Illinois Central and after the conference, in company with Illinois Central officials, the posse was secreted in a freight caboose and sent in advance of the fast passenger train to the point of trouble. Local union leaders, however, were posted on the situation, and wired the strikers on the train at Oconee to desert it and take to the woods, which they did.
      The strike leaders at Pana assert that the trouble was brought on by the Illinois Central officials for the purpose of offering protection to tho southern Illinois mine operators at Centralia, Duquoin, Coffeen and other points, whose men are working, to encourage them to keep the mines going to furnish the road coal. There are fully fifty cars of coal and slack shipped through Pana over the Illinois Central daily from southern Illinois mining towns where mines are in operation.
FROM LACK OF COAL.
      The yards of the Bloomington Paving and Pressed Brick Company, north of the coal mine closed down last night on account of the shortage of coal. The works have been in operation steadily for a couple of months and have turned out half a million pressed brick and 300,000 pavers. Coal is used exclusively for burning their brick, so when the supply ran out the yards wore compelled to close down. The other brick yards can run on because they use wood principally in burning.

August
The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 45, Number 247
Monday, August 9, 1897, Page 1
MINERS ARE ORDERLY
Those in Montgomery County are Quiet.
SO REPORTS SECRETARY RAY
      Springfield, Ill., Aug 9. -- B. B Ray, secretary of the railway and warehouse commission, telegraphed Gov. Tanner this morning that he had been to the miners' camp outside of Coffeen, Montgomery county, and found 200 miners. All were peaceable. He advised Sheriff Randle to reduce his force. Ray will remain there and keep the governor informed.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 45, Number 247
Monday, August 9, 1897, Page 4
CRITICAL SITUATION
Riot and Bloodshed Not Improbable at an Illinois Coal Mining Town
STRIKERS NUMBER ONE THOUSAND
      St. Louis, Aug. 9. -- A special to The Republic from Hillsboro, Ills., says: The situation at Coffeen mines is unchanged for the worst. Strikes arrived there all yesterday from different points, until 800 men are there and 1,000 will be present by this morning. A number of arrests of strikers were made Saturday night. The prisoners were brought here. One striker, from Mount Olive was bound over to keep the peace, and in default of bond was sent to jail here. This has tended to incite the strikers. A number of small fights and difficulties occurred yesterday. "General" Bradley is on the ground, and says that every miner in the district has been ordered to Coffeen to prevent work. Sheriff Randle, in anticipation of trouble, has sent out to other towns for additional deputies. At present, nearly every man in Coffeen is on duty, with many from Hillsboro. Twenty-five armed deputies have been ordered from Nokomis, and fifty from Hillsboro, to proceed at once to Coffeen, and last night the sheriff had an armed force of 200.
Every Striker Is Armed.
      Every striker Is armed with a short stick or club, and in addition thereto those arrested have been armed with revolvers. Two heavy trains of coal were run out of Coffeen yesterday morning at a high rate of speed, so that they could not be stopped. The request of Sheriff Randle to Governor Tanner to send troops has been refused on the ground that the sheriff has not exhausted his resources. The general opinion is that the sheriff will be able to control the strikers. Good judgment and coolness will avoid trouble, but any aggressive act on the part of deputies will, in the excited condition of affairs, precipitate a riot and bloodshed.
Town President Declares Martial Law.
      A special to The Republic from North Olive. Ills., says the interest in the strike situation is now centered in Coffeen. The president of the village has issued a proclamation and declared system of martial law by which he has cut Coffeen from all connection with outside communications. Telegrams can neither be sent from nor received at that point, and while Mount Olive has direct connection with Coffeen by telephone it is impossible to have any one called to the telephone. The delegations from that and other points, numbering about 400, are camped near the village, while an armed body of marshals patrols the corporate limits and permits no one to enter, no matter what their business, unless they have permission from the president of the village.
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CALL ON GOVERNOR TANNER
Sheriff Wants Troops and the Governor Wants Some Facts
      Springfield, Ills., Aug. 9. -- Governor Tanner, in an interview, states that he has received no further word from Sheriff Randle, of Montgomery county. who at an early hour yesterday morning sent a call for troops at Coffeen. Governor Tanner sent B. B. Ray, secretary of the railroad and warehouse commission, to Coffeen, instructing him to wire a report of the condition at Coffeen among the strikers. Governor Tanner said: "I want Mr. Ray's report that I may know from a reliable source what has transpired, and the temper of the miners. My opinion is that the sheriff of Montgomery county, like the sheriff of Woodford county, became nervous, and without doing his duty, sent his appeal for troops. Many sheriffs at the least apparent danger telegraph for troops."
      "I consider the question of ordering out troops very serious one. This is a great industrial struggle, which affects the whole country, and these men engaged in this great struggle to secure for themselves sufficient wages to keep want from the door are nearly all American citizens, many of whom carried muskets in the cause of national unity in the struggle of 1861 to 1865. Should the emergency arise where I am convinced that life and property are in imminent danger of destruction, and the civil authorities have exhausted all reasonable effort and failed to keep the peace, I shall have no hesitancy in calling out the troops in sufficient force to enforce the law, protect life and property and maintain the peace and good order of the state."
      "No such an emergency has arisen in our state, and I don't believe it will, because the miners well know having among them many intelligent men that if they bring on a conflict allowing their followers to begin rioting ending in the sacrifice of human life, the strong arm of the law, the national guard, will be called Into action and then their cause is lost; and I have faith in their good sense patriotism and conservativeness to control their forces."
      In this latest case the facts reported are that Coffeen was besieged by 500 miners who intended to force the miners there to quit work. The town president had called on every able-bodied citizen in the village to help keep the peace. It was announced that the strikers were threatening; to use dynamite. The strikers were determined to force out the miners at work, who are earning from $3 to $6 per day.
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The Champaign Daily News, Champaign, Illinois
Volume 3, Number 12,
Monday, August 9, 1897, Page 2
Crusaders Hear Bradley.
      Hillsboro, Ill., Aug. 9. -- Gen. Bradley made a speech to the visiting miners Sunday morning at their camp. The Coffeen miners refused to attend the speaking. For two days past the village has been under rigid control, almost approaching martial law. No person has been permitted to pass the picket lines, which are posted almost around the village, without stating his business or giving a password. The striking miners are nearly all armed with hickory clubs and many of them with revolvers.
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Fayette County Farmers Affected
      Vandalia, Ill., .Aug. 9. -- The coal famine is affecting the farmers of this, Fayette county, seriously, now that they are just in the middle of wheat and oat threshing, and cannot get sufficient coal to tide them through. Farmers were in Vandalia Sunday picking up small loads of coal from people who chanced to have it left from last winter.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 45, Number 248
Tuesday, August 10, 1897, Page 4
UNDER MARTIAL LAW
Situation at Coffeen Does Not Change for the Better, It Seems
STRIKERS NOT ALLOWED IN TOWN
      St. Louis, Aug. 10. -- A special to The Republic from Coffeen, Ills., says: This town is under martial law. A force of 235 armed deputy sheriffs is guarding the town, and particularly the property of the Coffeen Coal and Copper company. One hundred and twenty-five men were at work in the shaft yesterday under protection of an armed force. They refused to work unless the sheriff's posse stood guard at the mine entrance to prevent the possibility of an onslaught from the strikers. "General" Bradley's men are encamped 300 strong in the woods just west of town. They have been forbidden to enter the village under penalty of arrest. Deputy sheriffs carrying, shotguns. Winchesters and other weapons stand guard at every roadway running in here and no one is allowed to enter unless he can show that his business is of a nature having no connection with the strike.
Bradley Goes to See Tanner
      Bradley went to Springfield yesterday for a conference with Governor Tanner. Until his return nothing is apt to be done. He will be on the ground again this morning and then it is expected that the strikers will move on the town. Early yesterday morning President J. L. Taylor, of the town board, accompanied by B. B. Ray, the personal representative of Governor Tanner, went to the mine and addressed the miners. In reply to questions he asked, the miners said they wanted the guards about the pits retained; declared they wished for no conference with the strikers, and said they were entirely satisfied to stay at work. Ray then held a conference with the strikers and made them a speech, in which he sympathized with their condition.
Miners Decide ts March
      Springfield, Ills., Aug. 10. -- A state Register special from Lincoln says the miners of that city met and decided unanimously to march tomorrow morning to Mount Pulaski and endeavor to get the miners there to strike, and from there go to Niantic on a similar mission; and from there to Decatur, where delegations from Springfield, Pana and other places will meet them. The operators at Lincoln offered their men work every day in the week they -- have been having but two days work per week on an average -- if they would return to work. The proposition was declined.
Gov. Tanner Hears from Coffeen.
      Springfield, Ills., Aug. 10. -- Governor Tanner yesterday morning received a telegram from B. B. Ray, whom he dispatched to Coffeen Sunday to examine into and report the situation at that place, growing out of the movement of coal miners. The telegram said: "Everything is quiet this morning. I have advised the sheriff to reduce his force. Not over 200 miners are encamped. I was at their camp at 5 o'clock' this morning. They show exceedingly good temper. About fifty miners went down to work this morning. I will stay here today and keep you fully advised."
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 45, Number 249
Wednesday, August 11, 1897, Page 4
BRADLEY IS A TERROR
Illinois Strikers "General" Keeps Coffeen In a State of Apprehension
FEARS AN ATTACK BY THE MINERS
Sheriff Has a Big Force of Deputies to Keep the Strikers Out of Town
-- Bradley Run Out and Shot At
-- Besieging Army Interesting
-- Other Illinois Strike News

      St Louis, Aug. 11. -- A special to The Republic from Coffeen, Ills., says: Yesterday was a day of feverish excitement in Coffeen. There were fears of an early attack by Bradley and his army. The guard on the main road was strengthened, but the strikes failed to appear during the morning. While the guards were awaiting the expected approach of the strikers, the miners went to the shaft in twos and fours, but they refused to go below until long after fears of the strikers' approach had been dissipated. Excitement ran high about noon, when a contractor reported to the sheriff that he had seen and conversed with Bradley in front of the home of Rudolph Teufort, one of the strongest strike advocates here.
"General" Chased by a Posse
      The house at once was surrounded, but without a warrant the deputies refused to enter. A guard was kept there all afternoon. At 7 o'clock last night a man answering Bradley's description was chased by a posse of deputy sheriffs out on the road leading east from town. Several shots were fired, but the fugitive escaped to the woods. An hour later a telephone message from Hillsboro said that he had reached there and was addressing a crowd. He said that he would be in camp in the morning. He will be arrested if he crosses the corporate line. Out at the camp everything was orderly. Mrs. Bradley, the leader's mother, came in at 8 o'clock with a wagon load of provisions and a whole beef. With her came three wagons filled with potatoes, flour, salt and vegetables and a wagon load of bread. The supplies came from Staunton and Mount Olive.
Reinforcements for the Raiders
      Between midnight and morning 160 men arrived in camp, and in the after noon forty-six more came. The new accessions came in parties of from ten to twenty-five. Five hundred men now are in camp, and 100 are on the way from towns to the south. Mayor Traylor and the people of Coffeen fear that this means that Bradley is lying low until re-inforcements arrive before marching on the works. The sheriff feared an attack in the morning and the citizens practically slept on their arms. Fearing that the strikers will be here today. A. L Mills, receiver of the mine, who is also general superintendent of the Clover Leaf, Ordered all coal standing on the tracks here shipped out immediately.
Sheriff Telegraphs for More Men
      Coffeen, Aug. 11. -- Sheriff Randle at 10 o'clock last night ordered out 150 armed men to reinforce the guard then protecting the town against invasion. He also telegraphed to Nokomis for fifty more men. Advices received by the sheriff from Hillsborough state that Bradley is on his way to camp and that fully 200 strikers are coming from Auburn, Girard and other mining towns to the north.
 
No Coal for Spring Valley Water Works.
      Spring Valley, Ills., Aug. 11. -- The miners of this city held a mass meeting on the public square yesterday afternoon. During the meeting a local leader stated that Mayor Nelson had requested him to ask the miners if they would allow enough coal to be dug in Spring Valley to supply the city water works, which will run out of coal in a few days. The motion was made that the mayor could have all the coal he wanted, provided he would go down in the mines and dig it himself. The motion was carried. The question of marching on the Matthieson and Hegeler mines in LaSalle, which are digging coal for use of their factories, was brought up. The Spring Valley men decided to have nothing to do with it. There were many miners present from Marquette, Ladd and Seatonville and they are indignant over Spring Valley's refusal to march.
 
March Proposed on Decatur
      Decatur, Ills., Aug. 11. -- It is said that in all about 800 men wilt come here from seven different cities, and that on Friday a united effort will be made to get 400 Decatur miners to stop work. Sheriff Nicholson says that he has suggested to the coal company that it had better suspend work on the appearance all the outsiders until all indications or trouble were over. The coal company declined to do that. The sheriff is making a list of 100 men and will swear them in as deputies on the approach of the miners. He says all the Decatur miners who want to work will be given full protection.
 
      Springfield, Ills., Aug. 11. -- Governor Tanner has commissioned B. B. Ray, secretary of the state board of railroad and warehouse commissioners, to proceed this afternoon to Decatur and watch the miners' situation there tomorrow.
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Bradley's Army Leaves Coffeen
      Coffeen, Ill., Aug. 12. -- Gen. Bradley and his army moved on Sorren today by freight train furnished by the enemy. The decision of the working miners to hold no conference with them together with the result of Gen. Bradley's interview with Gov. Tanner, greatly discouraged the strikers. Sensational reports sent out from Coffeen about a contemplated attack on the village and a general call to arms were entirely without foundation.
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The Champaign Daily News, Champaign, Illinois
Volume 3, Number 15
Thursday, August 12, 1897, Page 2
MOVE TO DECATUR.
Strikers Centering Their Efforts on Macon County Mines.
      Springfield, Ill., Aug. 12. -- Miners of the Springfield district, about 500strong, marched on Decatur today. They go overland, and take their supplies with them. They will be joined at Riverton, Barclay, Sangamon and Dawson by large parties, and will form a coalition with the marchers from Lincoln, Moweaqua, Taylorvllle, Pana and other points, at Decatur.
      Decatur, Ill., Aug. 12. -- Mayor Benjamin Z. Taylor has issued a proclamation referring to reports that miners were said to be coming from Lincoln, and calling on citizens to remain at their homes and keep streets clear. All marching in bodies of any kind is strictly prohibited. Not more than three persons are to gather in one place in streets. All citizens are advised to be in readiness to assist in maintaining order.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 45, Number 251
Friday, August 13, 1897, Page 4
WANTS GUNS AND LEAD
Sheriff at Decatur, Ills., Proposes to Resist the Marching Mine Strikers.
COFFEEN IS WEARY OF BRADLEY
And He and His Army Are Ordered Away on Pain of Being Driven Off Today
-- Strike Leader Run Out of Camp for Alleged Treason
-- The Siege of Niantic
      Springfield. Ills., Aug. 13. -- Late last night Adjutant General Reece received telegram from Sheriff Nicholson, of Decatur, asking for 100 rifles and ammunition, with which to arm his deputies, fifty of whom have been sworn in and are now in the Decatur court house. B. B. Ray, who Is representing; the governor in Decatur, has refused to ask for them. A State Register special from Niantic states that the Niantic miners held a meeting there last night and by a vote of 45 to 23 decided to strike.
Trouble ls Not Over at Coffeen
      St. Louis, Aug. 13. -- A special to The Republic from Coffeen, Ills., says: Frank Campbell, who was until Wednesday the trusted lieutenant of "General" Bradley, was forced to flee for his life from the strikers' camp west of town last evening. He was pursued by an angry mob of Slavs, who charged him with having sold Bradley and his men out to the Coffeen Coal and Copper company. Campbell declares that he acted in good faith and that he did not sell his comrades out. In accordance with the agreement entered into Wednesday night, Superintendent Mills ordered the freight stopped at the strikers' camp yesterday morning, but the campers hooted the crew and told them to move on. They said that they were going to storm the town. Not a man got aboard. The strikers are still defiant. Last night Sheriff Randle posted a proclamation ordering the strikers to disperse from their camp and leave the county.
Be a Hot Time Here Today, Perhaps.
      The members of the board of supervisors, under whose orders the sheriff issued the proclamation, drove to camp yesterday afternoon. Chairman Carstens informed the strikers that they are violating the law, are a menace to a peaceable community, and are subject to arrest. Bradley again made an effort to secure the consent of Sheriff Randle and Mayor Traylor to make a demonstration in the streets of Coffeen. He offered any sort of concession the officers might name, but both were obdurate. The supervisors held a conference with the sheriff and mayor and it was decided to give the strikers time to peaceably disperse before dispersing them, and the sheriff's proclamation ordering them to disperse was written. If the camp is not broken by tomorrow and the crusaders are not on the move the sheriff declares he will charge them with a force of 200 armed men and sweep the grove with bayonets.
PROCLAMATION
      Whereas, Notice has been received that large bodies or men are approaching the city of Decatur from Springfield, Lincoln, Mt. Pulaski and other mining cities and towns of central Illinois, for the avowed purpose of intimidating and preventing certain citizens of the city of Decatur from pursuing their usual avocations, and
      WHEREAS, Such bodies of men, if they are permitted to enter the city, will be. a menace to its peace and prosperity.
      Therefore, The undersigned, mayor of the city of Decatur, hereby calls upon all good citizens of this city to aid in the preservation of peace and good order, and that all residents remain at their respective homes and that, persons refrain from congregating in groups of more than three on the public streets and that parading or marching in any of the public streets and alleys of the city is forbidden and that all persons not residents and having no lawful business in this city are hereby directed to depart therefrom and that said bodies of men are hereby warned not to enter the limits of this city. (Signed) B. Z. Taylor, Mayor
Marion Looking for a Raid
      Marion, Ills., Aug. 13. -- Yesterday the first indication of trouble among the miners developed in this county. In the county there are quite a number of mines running on full time to the entire satisfaction of the mine owners and miners. Indications now point to serious difficulties on account of a large body of marching miners in camp at Johnson City, five miles north of Marion. They came there Wednesday night and have succeeded in obtaining a walkout of the miners at that place. Their next point is this city. The feeling of the miners here is decidedly in favor of no strike.
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HOW THEY CAME DOWN ON NIANTIC
Raiders Permitted to Hold a Meeting in the Town -- Warned from Decatur
      Decatur, Ills., Aug. 13. -- About 300 hundred miners from out of the county are now in camp at Niantic. Seventy-five are from Lincoln and the rest from Springfield. They are quiet and orderly, and so far have shown no signs of giving trouble at any time. Those who have talked with them are of the opinion that the leaders will succeed in their expressed intention of keeping down anything like disorder. The village board of Niantic has put on duty twenty extra policemen. The men stayed at work in the Niantic mine all day and told the management that it was their desire to continue at work.
      When they came out they were invited to a meeting in the town hall, arranged by Lincoln and Springfield miners for the purpose of talking to the Niantic miners about striking. Only miners were admitted to that meeting. It is expected that the Lincoln and Springfield miners will continue their march to Decatur today. Sheriff Nicholson and Mayor Taylor drove to Niantic yesterday afternoon and read to the assembled miners a proclamation issued by the mayor Wednesday night. They advised the miners not to come to Decatur, and told them that any indication of violence would be met with prompt measures of repression. The Decatur miners say that they will stay at work, and they will be fully protected.
 
      Pinckneyville, Ills., Aug. 13. -- The situation at Duquoin assumed a new pose yesterday morning, and work in the mines has been practically suspended after four weeks of activity. Near two weeks ago, at a meeting of less than 200 of the Duquoin men. It was decided to strike, but as the main body of men had not attended the decision was almost without effect, and two or three days later all the men were at work. Seemingly without organized effort, three fourths of the men did not go to work yesterday morning. A meeting of the Duquoin men held last evening and a committee was appointed to ascertain the desires of the men with regard to striking.
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Bureau County Tribune
Volume 26, Number 3
Friday, August 13, 1897, Page 5
Moving to Murphysboro.
      St. Louis, Mo., Aug. 11. -- More than 150 Belleville miners left there last night and began their march to Murphysboro. A stand will be made at Murphysboro, which will be made the center of strike activity for a time.
 
SHERIFF IS FRIGHTENED
Deputies at Coffeen, Ill., Are Reinforced
TOWN GUARD STRENGTHENED
      Coffeen, Ill., Aug. 11. -- Tuesday was a day of feverish excitement in Coffeen. There were fears of an early attack by Bradley and his army. The guard on the main road was strengthened, but the strikers failed to appear during the morning. While the guards awaiting the expected approach of the strikers the miners went to the shaft in twos and fours, but they refused to go below until long after fears of the strikers' approach had been dissipated.
      Sheriff Randle at 10 o'clock at night ordered out 150 armed men to re-enforce the guard protecting the town against invasion. He also telegraphed to Nokomis for fifty more men. Advices received by the sheriff from Hillsborough state that Bradley is on his way to camp and that fully 200 strikers are coming from Auburn, Girard and other mining towns to the north.
     
Operators Will Stand Firm.
      Chicago, Aug. 11. -- "If our miners think we will ever give in to their demands," said Harry N. Taylor, general manager of the General Wilmington Coal Company, yesterday, "they may as well pack up their duds and vamoose, for we will hang out till doomsday before we start up with the scale adopted at the Springfield convention." This sentiment is echoed by all the large operators in the northern field, and if they remain firm in their attitude over 15,000 workmen will undergo a siege of enforced idleness.
 
Will Protect Miners.
      Decatur, Ill., Aug. 11. -- Preparations are being made for the proposed invasion of this county by miners from surrounding towns. The sheriff is making a list of 100 men and will swear them in as deputies on the approach of the miners. He says all Decatur miners who want to work will be given full protection.
 
Indorse the Convention.
      Spring Valley, Ill., Aug. 11. -- The miners of Spring Valley met Tuesday in mass meeting to hear the report of the delegates to the Springfield convention. Contrary to expectations, there was no serious objection made to the 68½-cents gross-weight scale agreed upon at the state miners' convention.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 51, Number 33
Friday, August 13, 1897, Page 1
The Forces at Niantic
      Decatur, Ill., Aug. 12.--[Special.]-- Only a part of the strikers' brigade of 220 men from Springfield reached Niantic tonight, and they came in vehicles. The remainder of the party, which was hourly expected, went into camp near Illiopolis, planning to resume the journey to Niantic and Decatur tomorrow.
      All is quiet at Niantic tonight. A secret meeting of the Niantic miners was held in a grove, with guards to keep the visiting strikers and citizens out. Part of the men are in favor of stopping work, if the Decatur men will quit. Others want to keep on at work.
      The strikers from Lincoln and Mount Pulaski who arrived this afternoon and went into camp on the Jacobson property were commanded by Sheriff Nicholson to disperse and go back home this afternoon They did not receive the order with good grace. The strikers became sullen and would not say what they would do. They are still at Niantic. They claim the right to go where they please, carrying the American flag. It is expected that there will be sensational developments tomorrow. The crisis will come when the strikers attempt, to interfere with the Decatur miners.
 
The Niantic Men Go Out.
      Niantic, Ill., Aug. 13. -- The miners at a meeting tonight decided, by a vote of 45 to 25, to quit work.
 
Guards Are Mustered Every Hour.
      Decatur, Ill., Aug. 18.--[Special.]-- Since the return of Sheriff Nicholson tonight from Niantic there has been an extra stir at the court house, where the deputy sheriffs are required to report for roll call every hour. The sheriff believes that the two parties of miners will leave Niantic in a body, after 12 o'clock tonight, and march into Decatur before daylight, and then depend on circumstances for the rest. The sheriff has sent extra scouts out to keep him informed every hour of the night of the movements of the strikers. If they approach Decatur in a body, it is the plan of the sheriff to sound the alarm and meet the strikers with a sufficient force to turn them back or stop them outside the city. It seems now that, if the sheriff is right in this conjecture, a conflict will be inevitable. All of the deputies are armed. The sheriff stated tonight that tomorrow he would swear in 100 more deputies.
 
The Springfield Contingent.
      Springfield, Ill., Aug. 12.--[Special.]-- About 150 miners left the city at 7 o'clock this morning, headed by a martial band and four commissary wagons, well stocked with sandwiches, bound for Decatur. They were joined at Riverton by a number of strikers and proceeded to Dawson, where dinner was eaten in a vacant lot. The Dawson cornet band welcomed the marchers with music and, after the noonday meal, Rev. Mr. Squires, the Methodist minister, addressed tho men, briefly. The march was then resumed, the cornet band and all the villagers of Dawson escorting the crusaders to the outskirts of the town.
      The intention was to camp over night at Illiopolis, but better time was made than the schedule and the column proceeded to Niantic.
      At Illipolis, which is within two miles of the boundary line between Sangamon and Macon counties, the miners were met by Decatur officials, representing the sheriff. These were sent out to reconnoiter the movements of the column and the character of the men for the information of the sheriff.
      There were no sensational incidents today in the trip of the Springfield contingent. At 9:30 tonight a message was received from B. B. Ray, representing the governor, to the effect that the marchers had reached Niantic, and had gone into camp there for the night. Mr. Ray was on the ground, and stated that everything was quiet and orderly, and that the scene of the camp in the moonlight was wierdly picturesque. Mr. Ray made a short address to the men, admonishing them to continue the good order which has characterized their movements thus far.
 
Fairbury Miners Visited.
      Fairbury, Ill., Aug. 12. --[Special.]-- A delegation of miners reached this city from Streator, Pontiac and other points where the coal miners have struck and waited on their brethren in order to have them join them in the strike. Up to the present the walking delegates have met with poor success. The miners here have not had an abundance of work for several years past but the past two months they have been able to make living wages The operators here have increased the miners' pay, and. besides, have shipped coal to only their own trade.
 
Suspension at Pontiac.
      Pontiac, Aug. 13. --[Special.]-- The old coal shaft which supplies coal for the Pontiac Shoe Manufacturing Company, water works, etc., will entirely suspend operations tomorrow evening, providing the mines at Chenoa and Fairbury will do the same. The manager of the company said this was official. The shoe company and the water works company have a good supply, but are greatly agitated over the closing.
 
The Lincoln Contingent.
      Lincoln, Aug. 11. --[Special.]-- Seventy-five miners formed in line on Clinton street this afternoon and, followed by a score in buggies, wagons, etc., took up the tramp to Mt. Pulaski. "Old Glory" was unfurled in the breeze, and to the strains of martial music, they disappeared. Good men are in charge of the maneuvers and they are confident of their ability to maintain good order, subjecting all who join in the march to strict discipline. They are provisioned and equipped for three or four days, expecting to obtain their object and return in that time, but will stay longer, if necessary so they say.
      It was planned to reach Mt. Pulaski this afternoon, and set before the miners there their version of the condition of affairs, counting on ready compliance in joining the strike, and then moving on to Niantic, immediately, thinking they will arrive there Thursday morning. There the Springfield miners are expected to join them, when the march for Decatur will be taken up.
      Moral suasion is expected to do the work. The leaders say they will not tolerate any semblance of violence, or unlawful act, but will instantly compel any offender to quit the company.
      A large number of citizens witnessed the start, expressing sympathy and good wishes, as long as peaceful methods are observed.
      Those men are honest and in earnest, and imagine the end will come quickly if a complete cessation of mining can once be obtained. Tho point to be gained in mining circles here is this: They desire 45 cents per ton mine run. At present the scale is 46 cents per ton screened, or worked over with wide pronged forks or shovels.
      The Mt. Pulaski miners are said to be stockholders in the mine there, and the success of the movement is doubted so far as that point is concerned, No trouble is anticipated.
      The miners are equipped with baggage wagons and an abundance of food and some money, provisions and cash having been donated by the Lincoln business men. Capt. Patrick Hardin is in command and the little army is headed by a fife, drum and flag.
 
Peoria District Mines Resume
      Peoria, Aug. 11. -- A number of mines in this district have resumed work this week, and the ranks of the striking miners seem to be breaking badly. All the mines along the Peoria & Pekin Union are working, and two mines at Pekin and one at Elmwood have resumed operations. Most of the men have gone back at increased wages.
 
In the Petersburg Region.
      Springfield, Ill., Aug. 11. -- The Petersburg miners marched to Pleasant Plains, where the men have been working since the strike began and, after an interview, the Pleasant Plains miners agreed to quit as soon as they could timber the mine. About twenty men are working at the Ashland mine and the Tallula miners will probably visit them and endeavor to get them to quit.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 51, Number 33
Friday, August 13, 1897, Page 5
SCALE FOR ILLINOIS.
The Coal Miners' Convention Adopt Schedule of Prices
      Springfield, Aug. 6. --[Special.]-- The coal miners' state convention passed the following scale of wages:
Wilmington field -- Braidwood, 58½c per ton
LaSalle, 68½
Streeter and Clay City, 51
Lincoln, 45
Bloomington second veins, 58½ and 68½
Pontiac, 6½;
Peoria and Canton, sub-district, 47½;½
machine mining for shooting, loading and timbering, 30 cents.
Springfield district, 40 cents;
C. & A. road south of Springfield, 85
Pana, furnishing supplies. 30
Danville and Grape Creek, 40
Belleville district, 40
DuQuoin, 30
Coal Valley, 55
 
Scale of day work for the entire state:
Track layers, $2.25
timbermen, $2.25
drivers, $2
cagers, $2
trappers, $1
laborers, inside, $2
laborers on top, $1.60
dumpers, $2
car trimmers, $2
box car shovelers, $1.85.
 
      They demand the right to employ check weighman. They demand pay semimonthly.
 
HAS CLOSED THE MINE
Why Three Hundred Miners of Pontiac Will Remain Idle
      Pontiac, Aug 6. --[Special.]-- Richard Evans, proprietor of the largest mine in the city, which employs over 300 men, has become thoroughly disgusted over the present strike and, as the mine was not paying very well, has decided to close it up. He has taken up all the tracks, etc., and brought the mules to the surface yesterday. He states that it wakes no difference how the strike ends, he will, under no circumstances, reopen the shaft. The citizens have presented him with a large petition, but he says he cannot consent to resumption.
      The miners received a car load of provision from the relief committee in Chicago, yesterday, and feel perfectly satisfied with their present condition. They say they are going to win the strike
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 45, Number 252
Saturday, August 14, 1897, Page 3
OUTLOOK IS WARLIKE
Camping Strikers of Illinois Are Served with an Injunction of the Western Style.
NO APPLICATION TO THE COURT
Sheriff Tells Bradley He Mast Move on or Be Will Be Forced to Do So
-- Sieges at Several Illinois Points
      St. Louis. Mo., Aug. 14. -- A special to the Republic from Coffeen, Ills., says: Bradley'a army of striking miners still threatens the town. No attention was paid to the sheriff's proclamation ordering the strikers to leave the county, and the men are as defiant as ever. Sheriff Randle did not return from Jacksonville until late yesterday afternoon. He drove immediately to the strike headquarters to investigate for himself just how far his order had been obeyed. He was angered by Bradley's defiant attitude, but decided not to resort to force until today. This was done because it would have been impossible to marshal the deputies before sundown, and the sheriff did not want to take chances with the invaders in the dark. He was inclined also to believe that Bradley was bluffing, and that the camp would be broken during the night. If every striker is not off the ground and on the move by noon today he will go forward with his men and the work that peaceable methods have failed to accomplish will be done by force. Fifteen Coffeen miners who stopped work when Bradley came here were yesterday notified by Receiver Mills of their discharge, and were ordered to take out their tools, which they did.
 
Everything ls Peaceable at Decatur.
      Decatur, Ills., Aug. 14. -- The situation at the different camps of miners from other cities was quiet last night. About 200 men were in camp on the west, 100 on the south and 150 on the southwest. Deputy sheriffs guarded the roads in the vicinity of the camps. There was disorder and no sign of trouble. The miners obeyed quietly and without protest all the instructions of the officers. The proposition of the miners to send a delegation to the Decatur miners to see if they would not listen to arguments in favor of striking, and in case Decatur men refused to listen to leave the county, was refused by the authorities, apparently because of the opposition of the management of the coal mine.
      Manager Armstrong said, he did not want any one talking to the men. The marchers were then told that they could not come in any way or send delegations. All of the 400 men were at work yesterday and will work today. All of the camps grew all day and night gradually. B. B. Ray, governor's representative, estimates the number of outside miners in the camp and in the city at 600.
 
Raid Made on Some Other Mines.
      Marion, Ills., Aug. 14. -- Yesterday a large force of miners came in from Johnson City, where they succeeded in shutting down work Thursday. They made an unsuccessful effort at the Crab Orchard and Ohio Valley company's mines, laboring with them until 5 p. m., and then came here for quarters over night. This morning they will visit the Ohio and Mississippi Coal and Mining company, where they expect to make an effort to close down the works. There they will be met by Sheriff Parks and a large force of deputies, and should they refuse to disperse the sheriff will enforce the law and see that those wanting work have protection. The indications for today are good for excitement, and probably serious difficulties. The authorities are using every means in their power to avoid trouble, but are ready for it if it comes.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 45, Number 253
Monday, August 16, 1897, Page 4
BREACH IN THE FORT
Illinois Strike Raiders Win a Notable Victory and Obtain Entrance to Decatur.
STRIKE OF THE MINERS STARTED
At a Meeting at Which Only Miners and Raiders Were Present
-- Siege of Coffeen Goes on with Redoubled Energy
-- One Thousand In the Investing Camp
      Decatur, Ills., Aug. 16. -- A hundred Decatur miners yesterday morning went to the camp of the Springfield and Pana miners on the edge of the city and invited them to come in to a meeting. Archie Neil, one of the leaders, said that ever since it was known that they were to be invited in Mayor Taylor had said that his proclamation excluding them was still in force, and that as they intended to violate no laws they could not come in until the officers of the law said that they might. The Decatur miners then called on the sheriff to admit the campers. He said he could not without the consent of the mayor. Mayor Taylor was waited on by a committee of Decatur men, and he finally consented for them to come in if they would go out again at night. Then the Decatur and outside miners quietly marched in, about 400 men in all.
 
Strike Leaders Are Tacticions.
      A meeting had been called by trades union officers to protest against the employment of 150 deputies by the sheriff at an expense cf $500 a day, and the men marched to the meeting. A. G. Webber and A. P. Smith, both miners, and Rev. David F. Howe, pastor of the First Methodist church, made speeches, saying that the men had a constitutional right to assemble; that there had been no disorder, and so the board of supervisors could not allow the big bills of the sheriff, and that as there had been no threats or intimidation there was no reason to be afraid of the marchers.
 
Sheriff Discharges His Deputies.
      Rev. Archie Neil, one of the Springfield miners, said that they had come on foot because they could not pay to ride, to persuade the men at work in Decatur to quit work and help in their great struggle for more wages. His talk was quiet and had a great effect. A meeting of miners only was announced for last night in Miners' hall and then the men adjourned. The Springfield men stayed In the city to attend that meeting. The sheriff has discharged the special deputies.
 
Raiders Get a Strike Started.
      At the meeting of miners last night eighty Decatur miners and 250 outsiders were present. The Decatur men all voted for a resolution to go in the mine today, clean up their rooms, and come out and attend a meeting at 8 o'clock tonight. A committee of two was appointed to go to each entry and notify the rest of the men of this action. About 400 men are working. It is not believed that the action of last night will cause the rest to strike, but it may have the effect of intimidating the majority, who are German Poles, while the men who want to strike are talkers and agitators. The Pana and Springfield men after the meeting all marched to their camps outside of the city.
 
Bradley Still Besieges Coffeen.
      St. Louis, Aug. 16. -- A special to The Republican from Coffeen, Ills., says General Bradley holds forth west of town. His crusaders are returning from Mount Olive and Staunton. There was a throng of visitors going and coming to the crusaders camp all day from the surrounding country. Sheriff Randle went last night to his home at Hillsboro. Deputy Willoughby is in charge of the mine guards and placed his men out on all the roads. The outlook now is that the crusaders are going to try to force their way into town. Every precaution is being taken that they do not get in. Yesterday morning a crusader came to town inquiring for the Methodist minister to see if he could get the minister to preach to them in camp, but owing to previous engagements the minister could not go.
 
Reinforcements for the Besiegers.
      St. Louis, Aug. 16. -- A special to The Republic from Mount Olive, Ills., says: Interest in the strike situation was centered here yesterday. All yesterday preparations were being made to renew the siege at Coffeen. Farm teams and wagons were hired and instead of tramping the miners will ride and make use of the wagons for beds. About ten large loads of provisions left here last evening. By sunrise this morning it is estimated that 1,000 men will reinforce camp. Citizens of this place who have been "held up" by the Coffeen authorities and not allowed to enter that town, have employed attorneys to bring suits for damages. The litigation to follow promises to be as interesting as the strike itself. About fifty women, wives of the miners from this and surrounding towns, are making arrangements to go to camp. Their object will be to influence the wives of the miners there to prevail on their husbands to join in the demand for the scale of wages and to join the suspension.
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Strike Stops the Street Cars
      Lincoln, Ills., Aug. 16. -- The street railway company has given official notice that it will discontinue operating the line this morning because it cannot procure coal. It has been securing it at Mount Pulaski, but the operators there have served notice that they can furnish coal no more. The electric light company still has a supply of coal on hand.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 45, Number 254
Tuesday, August 17, 1897, Page 4
STRIKE CRUSADE IN ILLINOIS.
Siege of Coffeen Is Still On
-- Success Is Here Today, Away Tomorrow.
      St. Louis, Aug. 17. -- A special to The Republic from Staunton, Ills., says: The Staunton silver band left here last night with a large delegation of citizens for Coffeen to join the camp of strikers. A large number of women who accompanied the men Sunday were allowed to enter the village of Coffeen yesterday. Two wagons loaded with provisions left for the camp last evening.
      A special to The Republic from Cartersville, Ills., says: "The striking miners who arrived Saturday are still here and say they will stay until all the miners employed in the Cartersville pits come out. A meeting was held yesterday at the mines of the St. Louis and Muddy Coal company and the miners voted emphatically to stay at work.
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About twenty refrained from voting.
      The men in the Cartersville Coal company mine all came out, but they promised to go back to work today, and stay there until the men at the St. Louis and Big Muddy Coal company's mines change their minds. At the Scott Wilson pits a meeting was held, all the men going out except one. Unless the sheriff secures more deputies this town will have trouble. Miners are sympathetic and a very little glib talk stampedes them. They are therefore quite unsettled as long as this disturbing element remains in the vicinity.
 
      Decatur, Ills., Aug. 17. -- Another meeting of the Decatur coal miners was held last night. About 150 miners were there. A vote to quit work was taken and it was carried 86 to 50. As about 400 miners were at work yesterday it is uncertain how much effect this will have. Committees were named to notify the men not present and try to get them out.
 
      Marion., Ills.. Aug. 17. -- Reports from the coal fields in this county are brighter. The crusaders have consolidated their force at Cartersville, but succeeded only in a temporary suspending of the Burr mines. They went out, but held a meeting at 3 p. m. and decided to return. All the mines near this city are at work except the Williamson County Coal Company at Johnston City, there were no marchers about.
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Injunction Granted in Illinois.
      Cairo, Ills., Aug. 17. -- Judge A. K. Vickars granted an injunction yesterday at Murpbysboro, commanding the itinerant strikers to desist from trespassing on the ground or interfering in any way with the employes of the Muddy Valley Mining and Manufacturing company, the Muddy Valley mines, and also from entering on the lands of W. P. Halliday.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 45, Number 255
Wednesday, August 18,1897, Page 4
STORMED THE TOWN
Raiding Miners Invade Coffeen, Ills., Regardless of the Deputy Sheriffs
GOV. TANNER AGAIN APPEALED TO
Refuses to Send Troops and Tells the Sheriff He Must Keep Order
-- That Officer Withdraws to the Mine Shaft for a Final Stand
-- "Gen." Bradley Arrested, Taken to Hillsboro and Refused Bail
      Springfield, Ills., Aug. 18. -- Governor Tanner last evening received the following telegram from Coffeen, Ills., dated Aug. 17: "One word from the governor will disperse the 500 or more miners who are now besieging the village of Coffeen. Will you say that word now or wait until the little town is in ashes and possibly lives lost? The presence of the state militia might serve a good purpose at this time. The miners declare their intention of disregarding the proclamation this evening. What shall I do?" This is signed "Henry N. Randle, Sheriff."
      The governor replied as follows: "In reply to your message of today calling for troops I will say that I am advised that so far there has been no personal harm, no destruction of property, and no infraction of the law at Coffeen. I shall not, on the vague anticipation of mob violence, send troops to Coffeen. In the meantime it is your duty to preserve the peace and protect life and property."
Coffeen People Wroth at Tanner.
      St. Louis, Aug. 18. A special to The Republic last night from Coffeen says: Tonight the strikers are in possession of the town and Sheriff Randle has mustered his handful of men at the coal company's shaft, which he says he will protect at all hazards. The town authorities are utterly powerless, as the strikers can do as they wish. The people feel very indignant towards the governor for the stand he has taken in regard to Coffeen. It was by his orders through his representative, Ray, that the force of deputies was retired.
How the Town of Coffeen Was Stormed.
      Hillsboro, Aug. 18. -- Six hundred striking coal miners, eight abrestt invaded Coffeen at 3:30 o'clock yesterday afternoon, throwing aside the deputy sheriffs doing guard duty and going through the town pell mell. The officials ordered the guards not to shoot, but they began making arrests as fast as possible. "General" Bradley was the first man placed under arrest and three guards came to this city with him as fast as horses could travel. He is now in the county jail. Other prisoners are on the way here. No shots were fired and no blood shed. The invasion was for the purpose of "inducing" the men at work at the mine there to cease and join the strike. The sheriff will increase his force of deputies and the invaders will be compelled to leave the town or there will be a conflict.
Refused Bail for the "General."
      The "General" seemed to enjoy the situation, and when landed in the court house here good naturedly demanded a trial. Mayor Traylor, who had been telephoned for, appeared at 7 o'clock and he and Judge Miller, Receiver Mills' attorney, were closeted together. A voluminous complaint was prepared, charging the "general" and others with unlawfully assembling and refusing to disperse when ordered. Ben Jones, a sympathizer, had followed Bradley to Hillsboro and offered to furnish bail, but Deputy Sheriff Willoughby refused. Bradley will be tried today, and it is expected that a large number of his sympathizers will be here to see that he gets a fair trial. The whole county is aroused over the affair, and public opinion divided. A telegram from Mount Olive merchants to Bradley stated that they would furnish all the bail required.
 
Strike Loses Ground In Illinois.
      St. Louis, Aug. 18. -- A special to The Republic from Carlyle, Ills., says: The striking coal miners at Clinton county are losing ground rapidly. Monday night the owners of the shaft in Breeze, nine miles west of here, notified their employes that they were compelled to hoist coal for shipment or the cancellation of contracts would follow, and unless they were willing to return to work the mine would be closed down indefinitely. Yesterday seventy men, one-half of regular force, went below. The other miners will probably go to work this morning. Both shafts at Trenton were in operation yesterday and a number of cars of coal were loaded and shipped to St. Louis. In the Consolidated Coal company mine thirty men worked. Superintendent Ritchie says the number will be doubled today. The usual force of miners dug coal at the other shafts.
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Strike Not Popular at Decatur.
      Decatur, Ills., Aug. 18. --Only 100 miners were at the meeting held last night. These were the ones who have been in favor of striking from the first. The rest, 300, stay at work and refuse to go to the meetings. It is believed now that there will be no strike here. Two hundred Springfield men are still in camp. They marched into the city last night without attracting any attention or causing excitement.
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The Champaign Daily News, Champaign, Illinois
Volume 3, Number 20
Wednesday, August 18, 1897, Page 2
BRUSH DEPUTIES ASIDE
Striking Coal Miners March Into Coffeen, Ill.
THEIR LEADER PLACED IN JAIL
Hysterical Demand of a Sheriff for Troops Is Refused by Gov. Tanner
      Hillsboro, III., Aug. 18. -- Tuesday was a day of wild excitement in the village of Coffeen and for miles around. In spite of the proclamation of President Traylor 400 strikers marched triumphantly through the streets of Coffeen.
      During the morning threats were made by the strikers that they would enter the village soon, but as such threats have been heard for two weeks but little importance was attached to them by the officials. At 2 o'clock in the afternoon the deputies saw coming up the highway 600 strikers, marching eight abreast, the Staunton band bringing up the rear. Twenty deputy sheriffs armed with muskets were stationed across the road about 100 yards inside the corporation limits. They stood with fixed bayonets while Bradley's army drew near. President Traylor of the village board stepped a hundred feet or more in front of the deputies and when the strikers came up ordered a halt. Gen. Bradley, disregarding the command to halt, ordered his men forward, and they went. They pushed President Traylor forcibly to one side of the road. When the deputies were reached their guns were seized, and they, too, were forced aside while the march of the strikers continued.
      An order to fire was given the deputies, but none of them was willing to accept the responsibility, and no shots were fired. President Traylor showed a warrant for the arrest of Bradley. The deputies seized him, and before he could be rescued, rushed him through a side street, placed him in a carriage and hastily brought him to Hillsboro, where he was placed in jail. Meanwhile the victorious army of strikers moved forward into the village.
      As soon as Sheriff Randle saw that his deputies were overpowered at the corporation line, he formed them into a picket line around the coal mine and ordered them to shoot any one attempting to come on the property of the coal company without his permission.
      While the strikers were marching up the highway two blasts of the whistle called nearly every able-bodied man in Coffeen to arms. They were placed as re-enforcements around the coal mine, in the passages of which 100 miners were working, unconscious of the pandemonium reigning overhead. The strikers remained near the elevator, which is half a mile from the mine, until after the men quit work at 5 o'clock, hoping to have a meeting with them, but the working miners went home as soon as they quit work, and refused to parley with the strikers.
      Charges of disturbing the peace, resistance of officers and inciting to riot were preferred against Gen. Bradley. Bradley talked freely, and seemed pleased with his invasion. Mount Olive business men telegraphed an offer to furnish all bond required of him.
 
      Springfield, Ill., Aug. 18. -- The invasion of Coffeen by the striking miners brought out another appeal to the governor by Sheriff Randle for troops. The governor answered: "I shall not, on the vague anticipation of mob violence, send troops to Coffeen. In the meantime, it is your duty to preserve the peace and protect life and property."
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Decatur Miners Out
      Decatur, III., Aug. 18. -- The strikers have moved to a new camp several miles nearer the coal mines and not far from where many of the miners live. It is claimed that over 100 Decatur men are out.
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The Champaign Daily News, Champaign, Illinois
Volume 3, Number 21
Thursday, August 19, 1897, Page 2
OPERATORS TO STAND FIRM.
Illinois and Indiana Coal Men Meet and Oppose the Miners
      Chicago, Aug. 19. -- Operators of bituminous coal mines from eastern, central and northern Illinois met in secret conference with the operators of bituminous coal in Indiana yesterday and decided to remain firm and refuse to pay the miners a higher scale than that which was in effect before the strike was inaugurated. Operators from the southern part of Illinois refused to send representatives to the conference, as they contended that the strikers were not in a position to carry their demands into effect, and as it was anticipated that all mines south of Springfield would be in operation before the close of the present week. The operators also decided not to attend the convention to-day at Peoria for the purpose of effecting a settlement of the troubles existing between the miners and operators.
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Non-Union Men Assaulted
      Carlinvllle, Ill., Aug. 19. -- Some scab miners have been working in the mines of the Chicago-Virden Coal Company, taking out coal for local trade. Tuesday night the strikers broke in the doors and windows of a scab miner and assaulted him so violently that he is in a critical condition.
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Everything Quiet at Coffeen
      Hillsboro, Ill., Aug. 19. -- The victorious invaders remain in possession of the village of Coffeen. Several business men from Mount Olive came to Hillsboro and signed Gen. Bradley's bond, among them being Mayor Fouchs of that city. When released Bradley returned to Coffeen.
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Will Not Strike.
      Pekin, Ill., Aug, 19. -- The working miners here held a meeting and decided to remain at work.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 45, Number 260
Tuesday, August 24, 1897, Page 4
AT THE ILLINOIS DIGGINGS.
Several Changes in the Situation but Nothing Startling Happening
      St. Louis, Aug. 24. -- Specials to The Republic from different sections of the Illinois coal fields show the various changes that have taken place during the past twenty-four hours. At Fairbury the band of striking coal miners which has been camping near that city since Saturday night apparently has gained its point, as the miners at both the Co-operative and Walton Brothers shafts came out at noon yesterday and joined the strikers.
      The only develonment in the situation at Decatur was the discovery by the leaders of the Springfield strikers that during the night most of the men from that city had packed up and marched home. A meeting was held last night, but it is not expected that anything to encourage the strikers resulted from it. Miners at the Lincoln shafts were notified to remove their tools. The Decatur and Mount Pulaski mines are still running and the Lincoln local market is being supplied from the latter point.
      Part of the men have returned to the pits of the Taylorville Coal Company and the indications are that there will be a full resumption within a few days. The mine mine operators at Duquoin published a card notifying all their employes that unless they are in their places ready to work by tomorrow morning they must take out their tools. The organized miners have decided to continue the strike. Two hundred miners from O'Fallon, Troy, Birkner. Glen-carbon and Belleville passed through Lebanon yesterday en route from Breese to induce, if possible, the miners at that place to quit work. The effort is being made this morning.
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The Champaign Daily News, Champaign, Illinois
Volume 3, Number 25
Tuesday, August 24, 1897, Page 2
Hundreds Near Starvation
      Morris, III., Aug. 24. -- Of a total of 3,000 striking miners in Grundy county, fully 75 per cent are living on a very scant supply of dry bread or cornmeal, some having a little salt meat. The others can stand a month or so yet. In the towns of Diamond, Carbon Hill and Coal City particularly, starvation stares scores of families in the face. Countless homes are suffering the blight and ruin of the strike to a greater or less extent.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 45, Number 261
Wednesday, August 25, 1897, Page 4
Short of Coal at Carlinville
      Springfield, Ills., Aug. 25. -- The electric light works has closed at Carlinville owing to no coal being obtainable and the city streets are in darkness. The merchants who used electric lights are burning coal oil lamps. The water works are kept in operation by using wood for fuel.
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Eight Families Almost Starving.
      Coal City. Ills., Aug. 25. -- A tour of investigation reveals eight families of striking miners all but starving at Diamond and scores having a scanty supply of dry bread. Some are living solely on cornmeal.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 45, Number 262
Thursday, August 26, 1897, Page 2
MORE MEN OUT IN ILLINOIS
Strikers March to Taylorville and Are Welcomed by the Men Working.
      Strikers March to Taylorville and Are Welcomed by the Men Working. Springfield, Ills., Aug. 26 -- A State Register special from Taylorvllle says that 100 striking miners from Pana marched on the Taylorville miners yesterday morning and succeeded in inducing most of the 100 men who were proceeding to work to return home again. The Taylorville men in many instances turned over the contents of their dinner buckets to the Pana men. General Manager Shumway told his men they could do as they pleased about going to work. Only ten or twenty men entered the mine. The Pana strikers will remain until all are out. There was a large crowd of citizens present, but excellent order prevailed. The miners held a meeting at noon and organized a local union and voted to remain out. The Springside mine at Pana has resumed work.
 
      Danville, Ills., Aug 26. -- The Pawnee mine No. 2 of the Pawnee-Nimrod Coal company's mines at Grape Creek attempted to start up yesterday morning. Only eight men started to work, and the mine was surrounded by about 400 strikers. At 10 o'clock a telephone call was sent in to the sheriff asking that deputies be sworn in to protect the mine and men at work. The company was notified to swear out warrants and they would be served. Sheriff Thompson departed for the scene of trouble and an effort will be made to settle without violence.
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The Champaign Daily News, Champaign, Illinois
Volume 3, Number 29
Saturday, August 28, 1897, Page 2
Illinois Strikers Enjoined
      Odin, Ill., Aug. 30. -- The Sandoval Coal and Mining Company has sued out an injunction against the strikers who have been encamped near its mine. The injunction not only forbids them to enter upon the company's premises, but warns them off all streets and highways leading to the plant or to the homes of any of the working miners.
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Miners at Work In Illinois
      Bloomington, Ill.. Aug. 28. -- Ten miners of the 250 of the McLean County Coal Company, all of whom struck five weeks ago, went to work in the mine Friday. Manager Graham has arranged to protect the men if protection is necessary. Neither he nor any one else, however, anticipates any trouble whatever.
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Vote to Continue the Strike
      Danville, Ill., Aug. 28. -- The striking miners held a mass-meeting Friday. A vote was taken which resulted in favor of continuing the strike. Committees were appointed to visit all the mines and appeal to the men who are at work to come out.
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September
Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 51, Number 36, Friday
September 3, 1897, Page 1
SITUATION AT DECATUR.
The Strikers Seem to Have Abandoned Their Work on the Local Miners.
      Decatur, Ill., Sept. 1. --[Special.]-- The striking miners seem to have given up trying to get the Decatur men to quit work at the two shafts. The men who have remained at work have made good money right along and still hold their jobs. It took considerable persistency and courage to stand out against the daily pleadings of the strikers.
      The only strikers still remaining in the city are a few Springfield men and the delegation of Lincoln strikers who came over in wagons on Monday. They say they will remain for the rest of the week. They came with two tents, a lot of provisions and $75 in cash, and they say they are expecting reinforcements. There are now no more than forty strikers at the camp. The big tent at Camp Bain was taken down this morning and returned to the firm from which it had been rented. The week was up, and tbe use of it cost $8.
      All of the articles the campers had borrowed for use were returned to the owners and as soon as possible this forenoon as many of the Springfield and Riverton strikers as could get into the wagons did so and started for their homes. Boss Davis left with the party, but Boss Archie Neill will remain until tomorrow or next day. Boss Connery went to Springfield yesterday. The Taylorville and Pana men who marched here without any provisions left for their homes yesterday.
      It can not be stated that all of the trouble is over yet, for there can be no assurance of non-interference with the working miners so long as even a few strikers remain in the city.
      One man said: "It is all over as far as we are concerned. We struck this county on August 12, and we have been here long enough. We have done all we can do without resorting to force, and we didn't come here to hurt anybody or violate law. We tried our best to get the men to quit. Some promised that they would. Then the next day they went back to work, making some excuse for the act. We got tired of that sort of business. What's the use monkeying with such fellows?"
      "There are only five square Decatur miners in the city. They are still out and will stay out. All the other men are marked. Not one of them will over be able to get a job in this section of the state, and all Decatur merchants and the Decatur mines will be made to suffer. You'll see how it will come out when this strike is over."
      Quite a number of the Springfield and Riverton strikers left the city last night and early this morning on freight trains, and the plan is for others to leave the same way. If not they will walk.
      Business was booming again at both Decatur shafts this morning. But very few strikers were in sight. There were scouts sent out to mark the men who went to work. By 7 o'clock eighty men had gone down, with others waiting to see Manager Armstrong about getting back the jobs they gave up some days ago. It is understood that the men who have been most active at the strike meetings will be told to look elsewhere for employment. All of the men at the new shaft returned to work.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 51, Number 39, Friday
September 24, 1897, Page 1
STRIKE IS OFF.
Belleville Miners Will Work for Those Paying the Scale.
      St. Louis, Sept. 23. -- The coal miners of Belleville, Ill., and vicinity have declared off the strike so far as it affects owners who are willing to pay the scale. About half of the mines in St. Clair county have resumed, or are preparing to do so at the 37-cent scale. Most of the others are expected to soon come into line. The Consolidated company will be the last to surrender, and a long, bitter fight on their part is expected. As none of the strikers will go to work for the company until the scale is paid, it is probable that the company will undertake to import miners. If it does trouble will probably ensue.
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Clear Lake Cooperative, Too.
      Springfield, Ill., Sept. 23. -- Today the miners of the Clear Lake Cooperative Coal Company's shaft resumed work, the operators agreeing to pay the miners scale. This is the first shaft in Sangamon county to resume. Tomorrow, the miners of the Citizens' Coal Company's shaft resume at the same rate.
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Minonk Mines Resume.
      Minonk, Sept. 23. --[Special.]-- The coal miners' strike which was inaugurated May 1 by the miners here, was declared off today, settlement being arranged at about 3 p. m., and the miners agree to go to work in the morning at 64 cents rough and tumble, and agree to work six weeks without a pay day, then to receive one month's pay and then be paid twice each month after that. It is almost five months since any coal has been mined in this mine. The miners claim a great victory. Everybody will be glad to hear that old whistle blow once more for work.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 51, Number 39, Friday
September 24, 1897, Page 2
Macon County's Bill for Deputies.
      Decatur, Ill., Sept. 18. -- There was a sharp discussion at the session of the Macon county board of supervisors on the motion to pay the expenses incurred by Sheriff Nicholson on account of the invasion of the county by striking miners in the month of August. The bill was for $613, to pay for the hiring of seventy-five deputy sheriffs during the exciting ten days when the strikers were trying to gain entrance to the city. Supervisor Best, Democrat, in opposing the payment of the bill, said the sheriff was owned by the corporations, and that there was at no time any danger to life or property. The sheriff got the floor and said that no man owned him; that he did his duty as an officer, and that the man who intimated anything to the contrary was a liar, at the same time pounding on the table with considerable vigor. There were no blows exchanged. The motion to pay the bill was adopted by a vote of 15 to 6, all Democrats voting nay.
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The Committee Complete Scale.
      Springfield, Ill., Sept. 20. -- The scale committee completed the scale tonight, and will submit it to the convention tomorrow. The scale proposes a reduction of 5¼ per cent of the scale prepared in August.
      The new prices in the big fields are: Streator, big vein 48 cents; LaSalle, third vein 605/8 cents; Wilmington, 701/8 cents; Springfield, Grape Creek and Belleville, 37.7 cents.
      The operators failed to materialize at the meeting. Of the five in attendance four were from Belleville district and one from Springfield.
      The northern Illinois operators sent a communication to the convention, stating that they refuse to enter into negotiations in regard to the price of mining to go into effect before May, 1898. Last May, the northern operators entered into agreements with their men, and they allege that, their contracts were based on this price. They offer to consider a price for mining to be paid after May 28.
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October
Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 51, Number 40, Friday
October 1, 1897, Page 1
MINERS RIOT AT EDWARDSVILLE
Workers In the Madison Coal Company's
Shafts Attacked by Men and Women.
      St. Louis, Sept. 30. -- This morning when the Madison coal miners at Edwardsville, Ill., were going to work, they were attacked by a mob of strikers, egged on by women sympathizers. The strikers threw stones, cayenne pepper and beat their opponents with clubs. One minor had his skull crushed and a number of others cut and bruised.
      The miners were guarded by armed deputy sheriffs, many of whom were also injured in the melee, one being beaten almost into unconsciousness, but, though outnumbered ten to one, they fought with fists, not attempting to use their guns. Several strikers, including some women, were injured in the fray.
      The riot resulted from the partially successful effort to work the Madison mines. Friday Superintendent Glass promised protection to those who would go to work. Every morning for nearly a week miners have marched to the mines under guard of Deputy Sheriff Dillon and a posse of ten men. Last night the Edwardsville strikers were reinforced by men from Troy, Collinsville, Moundville, Staunton and a delegation from Glen Carbon which brought thirty women with them. These were the leaders in the riot. Superintendent Glass said today that the force of deputies will be increased tomorrow to a number sufficient to protect the miners.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 51, Number 40, Friday
October 1, 1897, Page 2
ON THE VERGE OF RIOT.
Serious Trouble Between Miners and Deputies Narrowly Averted at Springfield.
      There was an incipient riot this evening at the old West shaft which was quelled by the sheriff's deputies after the chambers of several revolvers had been emptied and George Taylor, one of the men at work, was badly beaten, sustaining injuries that will lay him up for several days.
      There are only ten men at work at the mine and the strikers understood they were employed below the scale price. The operators say, however, the men are getting more than the scale of prices, being paid 50 cents per mine car, which is estimated to be equivalent to 40 cents a ton, whereas the scale calls for only 37.7 cents.
      At the close of the day's work, when the diggers came out, the strikers, who had gathered to the number of 150, made threatening demonstrations and the sheriff was called upon by Operator Charles Hurst, who was on the ground. One rush was made upon Joseph Taylor, mine boss, who dropped into a ditch, and several bullets whistled over his head. As a bluff Taylor fired his revolver into the air and nobody was hurt. Shortly afterward the officers arrived and reluctantly, the strikers left the company's property. in the morning there was a clash at Sangamon No. 2 in which August Chrisman, a working miner, was assaulted and sustained a fracture of two ribs. A warrant is out for John Cerenski as the assailant.
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MIMES RESUME AT DANVILLE.
A Break In the Ranks of the Operators In That Field.
      Danville, Sept. 27. --[Special.]-- The first steps toward resumption of the coal traffic in the Danville district were taken today, the Brookside Coal Company and John E. Lloyd being the first operators to fall in and sign the scale offered by the miners -- that is, 51 cents for screened coal and 37 cents for mine run.
      The large operators still hold out and refuse to sign, the main point in dispute being that the miners want three-fifths the price paid in pick mines for machine mines, while the operators are only willing to concede one-half
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 51, Number 40, Friday
October 1, 1897, Page 5
Pana Mines Closed.
      Pana, Ill., Sept: 25. -- For the first time in ten years the fires under the boilers of the Penwell Coal Company's plant were drawn out this evening and entire suspension was declared for an indefinite period. Mr. Penwell, the president, claims he cannot pay the Springfield convention scale and, rather than have his men interfered with and deterred from their work by the miners who are out, closed down.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 51, Number 41, Friday
October 8, 1897, Page 1
AGREEMENT REACHED BY MINERS.
Edwardsville Will He Supplied, But No Coal Is to Be Shipped.
      Edwardsville, Ill., Oct. 7. -- An agreement was reached today between the striking miners and the men who have been working for less than the scale. By its terms those who may desire may work in the mine to supply the local demand, but, should the coal company begin shipping the products of their toil, the men agree to come out and remain out until the company grants the new wage scale.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 51, Number 42, Friday
October 15, 1897, Page 2
RUTLAND MINERS RESUME.
A Three Months' Suspension Ends in Securing the Scale.
      Rutland, Oct. 11. --[Special.]-- After a suspension of three months during which time there has been considerable trouble and any amount of destitution, the Rutland coal shaft resumed operations this morning. Manager Hakes came to an agreement with the men Saturday forenoon, and that afternoon and all day yesterday a large force of men were busily engaged in making ready the property.
      The settlement is based on the Springfield scale which is 64 cents gross weight. It is thought there will be no trouble from now on.
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