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Coal & Coal Mining
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Lawrence County, Illinois

Featuring Coal Mining
      Lawrence County is a county located in the southern part of the state of Illinois.
            38.72° N, 87.73° W
In 2000 the population was 316,149, and in 2010, the population was 16,233.
      The county seat of Lawrence County, Illinois is
      Lawrence County was formed in 1821 out of Crawford and Edwards Counties, and was named for Captain James Lawrence, who was killed in action in 1813 while in command of the frigate USS Chesapeake.
      Lawrence County has nine townships :
            Allison, Bond, Bridgeport, Christy, Denison, Lawrence, Lukin, Petty, Russell
      Some of the Cities, Towns, Villages and Communities are :
            Billett, Birds, Bridgeport, Chauncey, Helena, Lawrenceville, Petrolia, Pinkstaff, Russelville, Sand Barrens, St. Francisville, Sumner, Westport
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Brief Coal History of Lawrence County, Illinois
Extract from :
Combined History of Edwards, Lawrence and Wabash Counties, Illinois;
                Published by J. L. McDonough & Co., Philadelphia; 1883
      Two wells were sunk on Mr. Plummer's farm, in the S. E. qr. of Sec. 25, T. 5 N., R. 12 west. The one near his house, passed through eighteen inches of coal at a depth of eighteen feet. The other, located a quarter of a mile to the north, was sunk to the depth of forty-three feet, passing mostly through sandstone and shale. At Mr. Porter's place, which adjoins Mr. Plummer's on the south, a well was sunk to the depth of fifty-six feet.
      The coal vein passed through in the well of Mr. Plummer must lay above the sandstone in the Porter well, which had probably been eroded away at that point by water currents during the Drift-epoch. At a well half a mile west of Mr. Plummer s, a bed of cellular iron ore occurs in the sandstone near its base, and was passed through in this well about sixteen feet below the surface. The iron ore was reported to be two feet thick in the well, but at the outcrop, a quarter of a mile away, its thickness was only about six inches. But for its being so sandy it might be valuable for smelting purposes.
      On the south side of Indian creek, three miles south of Lawrenceville, and at several places in the neighborhood, a coal vein is found and worked sufficiently to supply the local demand for coal. The seam ranges from twelve to eighteen inches in thickness, and is mined by stripping along its outcrop in the banks of the small streams.

Coal & Coal Mining in Illinois
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